In the last 25 years, Ugandan forests were reduced from 5 Million to 1,9 million hectares. This corresponds to a countrywide forest coverage of only 9%. At the same time, eight million hectares are ready to be reforested according to a study of the International Union for Conservation in 2016. In all of East Africa, Uganda has the best conditions for reforestation – climate, rainfall, and soils are extraordinarily suitable. Our approach of reforestation with fast-growing tree species is a solution that generates incomes and regenerates degraded land at the same time.
Background and Challenges
Fairventures has been working on smaller projects in Uganda since 2014, but with the year 2018, we launched a new phase of our engagement. Our project „Reforestation in Uganda“ aims to find and implement solutions for large-scale restoration of deforested areas in Uganda. In this endeavor, we are borrowing from examples, experiences, and insights gained from our program “One Million Trees” in Indonesia.
Objectives of the Program
Uganda is a developing country with a rapidly growing population. The majority of the population is engaged in agriculture whose success is greatly dependent on a healthy environment. Sadly, large parts of the forests in Uganda have been cleared over the last 25 years to serve the fuel and resource demands of the growing population. As such, the soil in many sites is greatly depleted and highly susceptible to erosion, putting the livelihoods of the population under threat. The Fairventures Worldwide approach to reforestation with fast-growing trees in agroforestry systems and the development of the respective value chains can lead to positive change in Uganda as well.
The fundament for our program was informed by a number of studies that were conducted in 2017 and 2018. In these studies, we carried out some research and analysis of local tree species that may be suitable for reforestation, potential markets for the timber, and compatible crop systems for the agroforestry component as well as possible partners with whom we could work in Uganda.
1-1-2018 – 12-31-2019