Ecuador is – after Bolivia – the second poorest country of South America. The GDP per capita reached 4.350 US-dollars in 2011 and was therefore about ten times smaller than the Germany GDP. Almost 60 Percent of the exports are oil, which makes the economy of the country strongly dependent on the petroleum production. The amount of waste is a steadily growing problem in Ecuador. Each day, over 8.000 tons of waste are produced by the around 14 million Ecuadorians. Because there is hardly any awareness concerning the separation of waste in Ecuador yet, the open waste disposal sites are overloaded with organic, recyclable and toxic wastes, which impair the hygiene and the health of the population as well as the environment.
The project starts off at this point and supports the introduction of a consistent waste separation system on site. The economical potential of the recyclable materials should be used systematically, in order to achieve a positive effect on the population and the environment. Rough calculations show that the annual nationwide value of the recyclable waste materials amounts to over 120 million US-dollars. Through the systematical use of recyclable waste as a resource and through the introduction of structured processes, the waste sector is revalued as a part of the labor market. Therefore, this project in Ecuador is an example, how the separation and recycling of waste can create new jobs and generate income.
2011 – 2014