Agroforestry systems with fruit trees and vegetables improving the livelihood of small farmers in Central Kalimantan
150 local farmers and their families in the districts Manuhing, Manuhing Raya und Rungan Barat in the county Gunung Mas in Central Kalimantan participate in this project. Traditionally in this area, smallholders have mostly made their living by subsistence economy, added by hunting and collecting wild plants. Apart from shifting cultivation, the farmers have little experience with agriculture. As available forest areas decrease and fire clearing is nowadays not tolerated in many places any longer, the farmers need support in building an organic agriculture including natural fertilization, complementary combination of plantings and fostering of the land. Usually, the pieces of land that are available to farmers are heavily degraded.
In a currently running program (One Million Trees) farmers are being supported in planting fast growing wood species on such fields. The interspaces are suitable for intercropping fruit trees and vegetables, for example, and help the farmers to gain additional harvest during the circulation period of the trees while further enhancing those areas. The harvest from the planned intercropping in already established tree plantations (agroforestry systems) contributes to an improvement of livelihoods and enables the farmers to receive a better income.
In the project region, previous activities regarding „Intercropping in planted forests“ have been taking place and the need and interest for soil improvement, organic composting as well as sustainable concepts to grow fruit trees and vegetables in the form of agroforestry systems have been identified. This project’s aim is to improve the food supply of smallholders and their families by planting fruits and vegetables and to gain some income by selling surpluses. Moreover, the increased knowledge enables the farmers to use degraded land for sustainable agricultural production.
Yayasan Borneo Institute
This Project was financially supported by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development