Rehabilitation of Degraded Land with Native Tree Species in Kalimantan
Clearance and transformation of primary forests for agro-industrial production (particularly palm oil) in Kalimantan is responsible for high carbon emissions and has drastic effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services. After only a few planting cycles, soils are left heavily degraded and barren. The current challenges include the need to halt forest loss along buffer zones and to rehabilitate large deforested areas.
With the use of the native species Albasia (Paraserianthes Falcataria, Indon. Sengon), the aim of the project is to rehabilitate heavily degraded areas whilst creating an economic profitable land-use alternative to the establishment of palm oil plantations. At the same time, the project will focus at the restoration of ecosystem services alongside the improvement of the rural population’s economic situation.
Within the framework of this feasibility and demonstration study, Paraserianthes f. will be planted in cooperation with communities and smallholders on an area of at least 300 ha within different systems. In the process, different silvicultural approaches will be tested and optimized, and marketing opportunities along the value chain will be identified and explored. In cooperation with industrial partners on Java, innovative products made from lightwood species will be developed and communicated to the wood processing sector.
This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (www.international-climate-initiative.com). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.
Further information also available on the IKI website.
03/2016 – 06/2019
Total Project Volume
Yayasan Borneo Institute
Unique Forestry & Land Use GmbH
Forest Landscape Restoration Approaches in Indonesia – Contribution of German Speaking Stakeholder
On December 18, 2017, Fairventures Worldwide and Unique forestry and land use GmbH invited stakeholder from the field of development cooperation, NGOs, practitioners, ministry officials and generally interested people to join an event regarding „Forest Landscape Restoration Approaches in Indonesia “, hosted at Uniclub Bonn.
Dr. Horst Freiberg, BMUB, opened the evening with a keynote speech about the Bonn Challenge and its approach to global reforestation, in which he talked about the relevance and history of the Bonn Challenge. Dr. Freiberg emphasized that although the origin of the Bonn Challenge goes back to the 1980s, the topic today is as young as ever. For that matter, the landscape approach plays a crucial role with the opportunity of bringing individual actors closer together while collaborating across geographic borders and overcoming silos.
Following, three project examples displayed how FLR approaches in Indonesia can look like in practice. Nina-Marie Gaiser from BOS Germany presented in this context „FLR and orangutan protection in Indonesia“ based on the experiences of the BOS Foundation in Borneo. She highlighted the topics of climate change, degradation, biodiversity and rural development. The activities of BOS focus on a mix of biodiversity and forest protection. Various tree species are reforested in respective areas, including food and nest trees for orangutans.
Panduh Tukat, representative of Fairventures Indonesia, presented the project „Rehabilitation of degraded land with native tree species in Kalimantan“, which is funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment within the framework of the international climate protection initiative. He presented the approach of reforestation of degraded areas with native tree species, in which various silvicultural concepts are tested and optimized. In addition, marketing options for downstream value chains are identified and tested. The aim is to cultivate local wood in an environment of at least 300 ha in different systems in cooperation with communities as well as smallholders and to demonstrate it in a feasibility study.
On the subject of „Deforestation-Free Supply Chains“, Friederike Martin from GIZ Bonn, presented a project within the GIZ Sustainable Supply Chain and Standards Program that combats deforestation in partner regions, such as Kapuas Hulu in West Kalimantan, and ensures that entrepreneurial commitments to deforestation-free supply chains bring positive effects for (smallholder) producers. Most relevant in connection with deforestation-free supply chains are palm oil, rubber and cocoa. The jurisdictional approach builds on existing forest protection activities in the region. Among other things, the goal is to establish a sustainable, low-risk and deforestation-free production region using the approach.
During a subsequent panel discussion with the speakers, questions from the audience were taken up to the stage and discussed. The keenness of the participants and remaining questions were discussed further during the time to network, get together and connect to share ideas. A common knowledge base for the scaling and replication of concepts in similar forms in tropical regions was created during the evening and an interdisciplinary discourse was established, which is continued for discussions, exchange opportunities and synergy effects.
The Second Indonesian Lightwood Cooperation Forum in Jakarta
During the 32nd trade expo in Jakarta, the second Indonesian Lightwood Cooperation Forum (ILCF) was held on October 12, 2017, which was organized by Fairventures together with the IPD (Import Promotion Desk), SIPPO (Swiss Import Promotion Program) and in cooperation with the Indonesian Ministry of Trade. About 80 participants joined the forum, which was characterized by the contribution of global actors in the lightwood sector.
Martin Stottele of the Swiss Embassy in Jakarta opened the forum, together with Djatmiko Bris Witjaksono from the Indonesian Ministry of Trade and Rafael Teck from the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Jakarta. Speakers from Malaysia, Germany, the United States of America and Indonesia were invited.
While Jana Stange (BHB) and Klaus Goecke (Consultant IPD) gave insights into the field of export of lightwood and related expectations and opportunities in European markets, Paul Horoszowski (PT ABP) presented the potential of wooden houses made of lightwood in Indonesia on a model project.
In the afternoon, Jeshua Sadeli (Woodlam Indonesia) presented his vision of a prospective closer collaboration between different stakeholders in the lightwood sector, while Zakiah Ahmad (University Technology MARA, Malaysia) introduced technical timber construction with lightwood in Malaysia. Afterwards, Ahmad Djuharra (Ikatan Arsitek Indonesia) took the guests on a journey from the past into the future of timber construction in the area of Indonesian architecture.
At the end of the forum the speakers exchanged ideas and thoughts relating to possibilities and challenges in the lightwood sector, developing concrete ideas for next steps to jointly promote the development of the sector. During the panel discussion, the speakers were also able to address and answer a wide range of questions from the audience.
The ILCF as a platform bringing different stakeholders from the lightwood sector worldwide together and thus promoting the sector’s development especially in Indonesia, was successful for the second time in a row. A follow-up of the forum is planned for 2018. A glance at this year’s program is available here.
The ILCF is an event that takes place within the frame of the FVW project „Rehabilitation of degraded land with native tree species in Kalimantan„. This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) and is supported by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
October 2017, Picture: SIPPO
Indonesian Lightwood Cooperation Forum in Jakarta
Fairventures Worldwide organized the first “Indonesian Lightwood Cooperation Forum (ILCF)” on May 13th, 2017, during the biggest furniture fair in Indonesia, the so-called IFEX. Renowned speakers from Indonesia, Germany, Singapore and Switzerland provided insights into topics like product innovation, increase of the value chain and afforestation. Furthermore, the speakers pointed out opportunities for modern wood construction in South-East-Asia to prevent Indonesian tradition to fall into oblivion due to competitive construction materials. Especially improving the value chain of fast-growing, tropical lightwood represents a huge challenge. Promoting approaches like product innovation but also a competent educational system to train management executives in the field of product management should be explored.
In total, some 110 participants followed the expert discussions during the forum and showed great interest in the topics presented.
The main partners of the event were the Import Promotion Desk (IPD), the Ministry of Trade Indonesia (MoT) as well as the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) in terms of the supported FVW-Project as part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). Here you can review the program of the event.
Product Innovation with Lightwood at the 31st Trade Expo in Jakarta, Indonesia
At the 31st trade fair in Jakarta, Indonesia, Fairventures appeared with a booth of lightwood. In collaboration with respective partners from the German Import Promotion Desk, the Indonesian Barecore Association, PIKA and the Indonesian Ministry of Trade, the potential of lightwood in regards to product innovation was promoted. People got an actual feeling for the potential of lightwood by touching the booth made of Sengon (fast-growing lightwood) wood with their bare hands. At the same time each partner at the joint booth represented one part of the value chain – from planting to local processing. The hovering car, which was located in the open space area of the expo, was another extraordinary spotlight to promote the characteristics of lightwood. Its construction of lightwood kept the SUV hanging in the air, regardless any weather condition. Such a powerful and strong force surprised many visitors.
After officially opening the trade expo, the Indonesian president Joko Widodo also stopped by at our booth and so did many ministers. Since then, the requests regarding product innovation of lightwood are constantly increasing. There does not exist an industrial timber construction in Indonesia, but fast-growing trees like Sengon are offering an actual change in this industry, being able to replace steel and concrete.
A field with lots of possibilities was outlined during the five days of the trade expo and will be continued on other platforms like the Indonesian Lightwood Cooperation Forum in March 2017.
Lightwood Innovation – Glued Laminated Timber Made of Albasia
Within the framework of the feasibilty study, the topic of product innovation with Albasia will be outlined to address the demand of the lightwood sector in the long term. The advantages of this wood type are obvious: it is fast-growing, extensively available and light. Thereby it reduces the processing costs as well as the fuel consumption during transport. Currently, lightwood from Indonesia is mostly used for products that have a relatively small value; the modern timber construction onsite does not even exist yet. In order to add value to this type of wood, we are aiming to promote the product innovation in Indonesia.
With the development of glued laminated timber made of Albasia we would like to demonstrate the potential of those types of lightwood. The exceptionally good relation between density and stability are an ideal basis for innovative ideas. In June, prototypes of glued laminated timber in different dimensions, with different structure and up to a length of 8m were produced.
In order to draw a comparison with the already existing products on the market, they are now being tested regarding their stability (bending stability, tensile stability, e-modul) in Indonesia.