On December 18, 2017, Fairventures Worldwide and Unique forestry and land use GmbH invited stakeholder from the field of development cooperation, NGOs, practitioners, ministry officials and generally interested people to join an event regarding „Forest Landscape Restoration Approaches in Indonesia “, hosted at Uniclub Bonn.
Dr. Horst Freiberg, BMUB, opened the evening with a keynote speech about the Bonn Challenge and its approach to global reforestation, in which he talked about the relevance and history of the Bonn Challenge. Dr. Freiberg emphasized that although the origin of the Bonn Challenge goes back to the 1980s, the topic today is as young as ever. For that matter, the landscape approach plays a crucial role with the opportunity of bringing individual actors closer together while collaborating across geographic borders and overcoming silos.
Following, three project examples displayed how FLR approaches in Indonesia can look like in practice. Nina-Marie Gaiser from BOS Germany presented in this context „FLR and orangutan protection in Indonesia“ based on the experiences of the BOS Foundation in Borneo. She highlighted the topics of climate change, degradation, biodiversity and rural development. The activities of BOS focus on a mix of biodiversity and forest protection. Various tree species are reforested in respective areas, including food and nest trees for orangutans.
Panduh Tukat, representative of Fairventures Indonesia, presented the project „Rehabilitation of degraded land with native tree species in Kalimantan“, which is funded by the Federal Ministry for the Environment within the framework of the international climate protection initiative. He presented the approach of reforestation of degraded areas with native tree species, in which various silvicultural concepts are tested and optimized. In addition, marketing options for downstream value chains are identified and tested. The aim is to cultivate local wood in an environment of at least 300 ha in different systems in cooperation with communities as well as smallholders and to demonstrate it in a feasibility study.
On the subject of „Deforestation-Free Supply Chains“, Friederike Martin from GIZ Bonn, presented a project within the GIZ Sustainable Supply Chain and Standards Program that combats deforestation in partner regions, such as Kapuas Hulu in West Kalimantan, and ensures that entrepreneurial commitments to deforestation-free supply chains bring positive effects for (smallholder) producers. Most relevant in connection with deforestation-free supply chains are palm oil, rubber and cocoa. The jurisdictional approach builds on existing forest protection activities in the region. Among other things, the goal is to establish a sustainable, low-risk and deforestation-free production region using the approach.
During a subsequent panel discussion with the speakers, questions from the audience were taken up to the stage and discussed. The keenness of the participants and remaining questions were discussed further during the time to network, get together and connect to share ideas. A common knowledge base for the scaling and replication of concepts in similar forms in tropical regions was created during the evening and an interdisciplinary discourse was established, which is continued for discussions, exchange opportunities and synergy effects.